Wednesday, December 28, 2011

Braille fun

This is just a little something fun that I came up with. It's a fun way to have fun with Braille. I found this idea of eating meals in muffin tins (like the ones pictured) awhile ago and thought it would be fun to do with my kids. I found these fun silicone muffin tins at JoAnn's on an after-Halloween clearance for $3 a piece. 

 I usually give these to my kids horizontally but then I decided to flip it vertically and viola! A Braille cell!! Can you guess what letters I made with my pita chips and celery? I thought this could be fun to do with young Braille readers as well as fun for siblings and families to have some fun with Braille.
It also might be fun to arrange your child's snacks in a letter each day and make a puzzle out of it! Take it to the next level by having your Braille reader do the arrangement and YOU have to figure out what letter it is!! 

Want to incorporate a little bonus ECC kitchen and cooking skills? Have your Braille reader go to the fridge or cabinet and prepare all the snack items and fix it up. 

 Do it at home: Buy a tin and do snack time with the first letter of everyone's name. Think of it as customized snacks for everyone. It's also a great way for families to brush up on Braille letters.

Thursday, December 22, 2011

O Christmas Tree, O Christmas Tree...How I love to use thee for my lessons

I was perusing through my usual magazines scoping out new ideas for my students and I stumbled upon this picture. I think this is a great idea for working on patterns! Students who are Braille or print readers could do this pattern. It's also wonderful for students with additional disabilities.

Here's what I think you should do for the modifications for this project: Make a pattern that the students can follow that goes under the food. You can do this easily for print readers by using contrasting colors lined up as the pattern to follow. For Braille readers, you can use tinfoil as the guide and make tick marks at each new food. You could also alternate tinfoil and parchment paper strips to use as a guide. 

I also think you could substitute one of the cheeses with pepperoni or olives, even crackers or goldfish. Be creative! This lesson also teaches systematic search patterns (starting from bottom to top, left to right)

Have fun :)

Holiday Recipe---It's not too late for holiday baking!!

I made this recipe with my students at our annual Holiday Skills Day. I found it on my all-time favorite magazine and website, FamilyFun. The recipe is chocolate cookie bark. I am going to be honest. The version that I made with my students looks nothing like the picture on the site but nonetheless, it was fantastic and super fun to make! It's a great recipe that utilizes basic cooking skills. The other reason why I totally dig it is because I think it is a recipe that any level can do. I am happy that my student Jimmy and his family consented to letting me use him in this blog post. Jimmy is probably the coolest Braille reader at his age in the entire state of CT. I hope you will get a chance to see more of this kid. He's the whole package.

Here's the recipe:

And here's what it looks like in real life...
This was a great (but simple) cooking lesson that you can do in your classrooms or family.
You don't have to save this one for holidays only.
I think this could be fun for New Years treat, party, etc. 
The first thing I did was go over the materials and ingredients (see picture below). I had them taste milk chocolate and white chocolate chips and compare them. I used the cookie sheet as the defined work space. Jimmy got right to work after his kitchen orientation. Pictured above is Jimmy breaking up his Oreos.

With the cookies crumbled, we measured out our chips (we decided to combine chips). We headed to the microwave and melted our chips. Cooking tip: I had Jimmy gently shake the bowl with the chips in it. There is a sound that the chips make. Students can tell when chips are done because they don't shake when melted. We mixed our cookies and chips together.

 Jimmy and I did a little teamwork to get him in the right position for scraping his bowl. 
This is what our finished product looks like---kinda. We scooped everything onto our parchment paper and wrapped it up. Then we shaped it into a square and put it in the fridge. 

This was such a fun cooking lesson! I did this recipe two students at a time for three rounds. The recipe users also gave a great suggestion of using mint chocolate cookies (mmmm....I love mint!). I also think you can do this with pudding cups, use cookie cutters, etc. There are a lot of possibilities  with this recipe. For students with limited abilities, do it the simple way that we did by just shaping into a square and freezing it. 

Happy baking!!

Where are all the new postings?

Hi everyone!
I know I have missed my last two Tuesdays for blogging. So sorry! I hope you can excuse me. I promise I had good reason. I graduated form graduate school, been working on a new awesome recreation & leisure presentation for students with multiple impairments (a wonderfully awesome hard challenge!!) and then my daughter had another round of strep throat and a mouth viral infection (our worst bout of strep yet!). But now I am back with all new postings and fun informational tidbits for the lovely kiddos with vision impairments. I'm baaaaaack :)

Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Self-determination: start thinking New Year's resolution ideas with a twist

Don't think I am rushing the season to an end here--I'm not! But I did have an idea a few weeks for my students. It got me thinking this week that it would be a great idea for resolutions for the new year. We made vision boards! We sat down together, got motivated from some motivational quotes, determined what is and what is not a realistic, just right goal and got to work! We decided to go for goals that the students could work on independently and then made a 'bucket list' as a group. We have a lot of seniors in our student organization so we decided to have an end of the year party to help them 'kick the bucket' from high school (they have to put up with my humor, you do too!)

Each of these students offered to share their vision boards with everyone. We have large print readers and Braille readers. Their vision impairments range from RP to Albinism to Usher's (deafblind) and more. This activity is also a great way to discuss realistic goals, planning, community & transition skills as well as self-determination skills. We used clear Braille labels for our Braille readers. 

We also made a Bucket List as a group. You can see it below! We are quite excited to finish our bucket list!! All of the students wanted the driving experience. I will blog about each of these as we do them. We are hitting the slopes in February.

The best part of vision boards? You can do this activity anywhere! You can do this as a class if your student attends a residential program, in an after-school student group (like my students) or better yet, as a family! I am excited to do this as I feel it is empowering for my students. They have to bring their vision boards to the rest of the meetings  this school year. They partnered up to help each other accomplish their goals and of course, they can always call me to help :)

Happy early New Year's!!

Saturday, December 3, 2011

Beware of the wrapping paper visual trap!

Happy December blogland!
December is officially here and so are the holidays! I've already started my holiday shopping and picked up some new wrapping paper for all of our presents. Selecting the wrapping paper got me thinking....BEWARE OF THE WRAPPING PAPER VISUAL TRAP! Dum, dum, dum!!!
Why is simple, innocent wrapping paper something you need to beware of? Because wrapping paper, paired with tons of presents, a well-decorated Christmas tree, decorations, decorations, decorations, create a visual nightmare for our students (especially our CVI kiddos). This is something that a lot of parents don't think about.

A few things to think about this holiday present season:
1. Think simple--eliminate visual clutter!
2. Contrast! This year I've noticed a ton of black wrapping paper that you can wrap with white, red, etc.
3. Wrap presents by person. My daughter's presents are all in polka dots, my son's are all in reindeer, etc.  But just remember to beware of visual complexity!!
4. Use tactual gift tags. Use large tags and put a tactual mark on them (like a star) in felt, velcro or whatever tactual mark your child would like. Make sure they are large enough and can be easily distinguished. I've also made gift tags like this with my kids pictures on them when they couldn't read their names.
I found this one online when I Googled large gift tag ideas. Make sure you use large print (I like Arial in bold). You can also put Braille over them.
*Save them so that you can reuse them next year!
5. Think about not mixing up presents. It might be easier to put each person's presents in one group. This will help with scanning and locating presents. It will also help with children who are ASD/VI. You need to remember structure to help kids who are MI/VI and ASD/VI anticipate what's going to happen and not overwhelm them. 

Happy holiday present wrapping!!

Wednesday, November 30, 2011

Awesome teenage student showing that it's not about what we SEE, it's about what we DO!

A colleague of mine sent this article over to me this week and I thought it would be fun to share. It's about a teenage girl who runs track with the help of a guide dog. It's a great article!
Teen Blinded by Stargardt's Disease Chases Dreams With Guide Dog (ABC News)

Sunday, November 27, 2011

Fabulous Winter Sport!

      I know I have blogged about this a little bit before, but I had to blog again about wrestling because team sign ups are just around the corner. Some teams have already started signing up! Why wrestling? I love to encourage my students to wrestle because it is a sport that does not require vision in order to be successful. Wrestling is also a team and individual sport. This is a great thing because it allows our students to compete without needing to coordinate with teammates in order to participate. But it still gives that team feeling. Make sense? There are special modifications for our students when they wrestle. They have to remain in constant contact while competing. If wrestlers break contact for more than two seconds, the ref blows the whistle and they have to reset in contact with each other. 
This is a picture from the wrestling weekend program we ran in November. Our wrestling coach, Greg Schultz, is teaching Brian, a Braille reader. It is important that coaches teach by touch and ensure that blind wrestlers understand correct body form.     

 I've been running wrestling at my program for a little over a year now and it has totally taken off! I've had to purchase more mats to accommodate more students. I've also had students decide to join their school/community wrestling clubs. 
     Check out this feature on wrestling I found. The interview starts 45 seconds into the video: This clip is from the site BlindHow,, a new site that I've discovered. It has a lot of useful resources. 

Still wondering about wrestling? 
Allow me to share some favorite pictures from some of my wrestling program....
Here's another picture from my wrestling weekend. This was my favorite from the weekend! The students competing are two Braille readers.
I also wanted to include a picture from the athletic conditioning portion of the wrestling program. I loved that we added these modules in! Our students ran a mile, did push ups, sit ups and worked out with free weights. This is my other favorite benefit from my students participating in wrestling!! It encourages physical fitness!!
And last but not least, I had to include this picture (with permission) from our big wrestling program. This one includes my student who is a GIRL! That's right, she's a girl wrestler and she is fabulous!! She is actually our most aggressive wrestler and has pinned almost every boy that she has wrestled. So parents don't be afraid to sign up your lady wrestlers :)
So.... are you feeling inspired to help your child sign up for wrestling? It's never too early to start!! Some community clubs start at age 6 (I've had my youngsters wrestle, too). Have questions about how to help your child get on a team or have a coach who feels overwhelmed (sometimes they do...), email me and I will get my wrestling guru, Greg in touch with you. 

Even if you don't choose wrestling, choose an activity that is a lifelong activity such as running, swimming or judo. Look for these awesome activities in your community :)

Tuesday, November 22, 2011

Call for blogs!

Hi friends,
     I hope that everyone is enjoying fall and that if you do celebrate Turkey Day, that you have a good one this week. This past week I received an email about a CVI focused website, Little Bear Sees. I checked it out and actually went to pass it to my colleagues only to find they already it. I enjoyed the site. I love when parents decide to help one another by passing along information. It helps remind everyone in our small but mighty community that we are not alone. Check it out,
photo from
It got me thinking about all of the other blogs that our parents are writing. I've read a lot of websites especially those sponsored by large organizations. Most of them are super helpful. I have linked several of them to my blog so you can check them out. But after reading the story of how got started and another site that I have blogged about,, it really made me want to share some more family stories.
     So this is my official "call for blogs!!" If your family writes about your family's adventures in vision impairment land, please email me and share it. I would love to add it to my blog listing. We are all in this together. I love working with my families and this is another way that I can work with families in lots of places. It's one of the things that I am thankful for this thanksgiving season. I look forward to reading your blogs!!

Student Project

This post was written by my student Cody. He's a senior this year and is heading off to college next fall. He is applying to be in the TVI undergrad teaching program---so excited for him! Read about his project :)

Hey Everybody,                                                                  Cody (on right) with his friend Cooper at a program.
      I just wanted to tell you all about an awesome opportunity I have this summer.  If you have been reading Robbin’s blog for a while, you know that this past July, I was a volunteer counselor at Camp Abilities Alaska (a developmental sports camp for children with vision impairments in Anchorage).  It was an awesome experience and thank you to everybody who contributed to my trip.  Now, this summer, I have been invited to return.
      I will be a volunteer counselor again and will be responsible for one camper with multiple disabilities and teach him or her various adapted sports for one week.                                
      However, flights to Anchorage are pretty expensive and I really could use your help with the costs.  Volunteers for this camp are scarce and the number of children we serve is based on how many volunteers can participate.  You can click on the donate button in the sidebar to contribute via PayPal or visit my website for more information.  All donations are 100% tax deductible and greatly appreciated.
Thank you so much for your continued support!
 Cody Laplante

Tuesday, November 15, 2011

Holiday decorations--their other purpose...

Hi friends,
     Are you wondering what is the purpose behind these random pictures from Target? They are holiday decorations from the dollar bins at Target and they double agents! What? How? Huh? Still wondering what I am talking about....? Holiday decorations have another awesome purpose besides making everything cheery and bright. They are are AWESOME tools for kids with vision impairments especially CVI!! Oh yes, I love this time of year for this special secret purpose. Slinkys, bright shiny ornaments and wrapping paper (always in the color RED) and other fun ribbons (with lots of textures and contrast colors) are everywhere and I go nuts! This is my super stock up time. 
     I thought I would blog about this to give you a heads up. Buy now and buy a lot! I like to hit up the Dollar Tree stores, JoAnns & Michael's dollar bins and Target (my mothership). They have awesome finds there. I know some of you are thinking that it would be better to wait until after the holidays to purchase these items. As a professional retail therapist (aka shopping queen slash vision ninja teacher), I will tell you that the left over clearance items are not what we are looking for usually. We need the shiny ornaments, red glossy wrapping paper (always to be found at dollar stores) and jingle bells, ribbon, etc. Those things can get pretty trashed by the end of the season so I like to go and get first dibs on them the first week of December. This is your time to build your CVI kits.
     Here's what I am going to do for the next few weeks: I am going to cruise my fave hot spots and blog about what I am finding, where, price and how to use it. And of course, just like last year I will snap shots of any projects that are awesome for our students. I am doing my annual Holiday Skills Day (twice this year!!) the first and second weeks of December. I will be sure to share what we are doing. I've also been surfing some craft blogs looking for inspiration. I am going to share a few activities and recipes that I have found. 
     Have you found something awesome? Have a request for a certain activity for this time of the year? Know a great activity or recipe? Please share with me! Email me :)
     Also, start thinking experience books (I've blogged about this, check the literacy label for more info). This is another great time of the year where students who have multiple impairments including deafblindness can really make a lot of  purposeful books to help them further participate. 
    Always remember in your shopping blitz for supplies to be mindful of visual clutter. Buy a lot, but show a little when it comes to presenting things to your student.

Saturday, November 12, 2011

College Life, Part Three--Using Black Board

This post also comes from my recent College Day program. One of my wise TVIs pointed out to me that a lot of our students don't know what Black Board is, how it works, why they need to know about it, etc. I realized this was also something valuable that I could pre-teach about so I hit up our rehab technologist and my good friend who is an adjunct professor at a community college and compiled some resources. I thought I would share with all of you, too!  Below you can read up on what Black Board is and some helpful tips for using it with JAWS. Our rehab technologist, Dennis, didn't write all of this up. Rather, he's been collecting useful tips and what not for using it. He compiled it all in a helpful handout and I asked for permission to share so please note that these tips are from a few different resources. It's a pretty long list of information so this one is one loooooonnnngggg post.... Enjoy :)

Black Board in a Nutshell
by Corina Lopes,
Adjunct Professor, Tunxis Community College
What's Black Board? 
When in college, you might hear your professors talk a lot about it. Basically, it's course content online management system.
Wait, what?
Think of it like your class' online filing cabinet. Some professors use it more than others, but the following are its most common uses:
  • Finding the course policy and syllabus
  • Accessing and submitting homework
  • Participating in and starting discussion threads
  • Accessing your grade
  • Email 
  • Receiving important class announcements
How do I get Black Board?
If your school uses the Black Board system, then you are automatically enrolled in Black Board since you are already enrolled for the course. To access it, check with the IT Help desk of your school (usually found in the computer lab or library). However, you will most likely need to type in your student ID and a password each time you want to log-in to Black Board.

Is it a challenging system to navigate?
No, but like anything else, can take a couple of tries to get a feel for it. The "home page" of Black Board, once you log-in, will populate all the courses for which you are enrolled. You just need to click on a course to access that course's specific Black Board page. For the most part, all course pages will look and feel the same. On the left hand side is a tool bar with labeled tabs. The most important ones for you to know are:
  • Course Documents
  • Announcements
  • Assignments
  • Discussion
  • Homework Dropbox
  • My Grades
  • Email
Is that it?
Yup, as far as the system itself goes. Remember, it is a great tool for academic success. It keeps things neat and organized, plus is a great way for you to take responsibility and be on top of your own academic goals. Check it often, even if your professor doesn't remind you. Many times, I have to change something in an assignment or add something to a lecture that I forgot to mention in class, and I use Black Board as a way to reach my students so they are prepared for the next class meeting. Excuses like, "I forgot to check" or "You didn't say we needed to check" don't work. You know Black Board is part of the course, and so is keeping up with it. Honestly, Black Board is nothing to be afraid of. It gives you more control over your classroom participation, and in the end, that is a very good thing.

Using Blackboard with a Screen Reader
Information compiled by Dennis Gallant
Logging In
To log in to Blackboard, you will need your Blackboard ID and Password. Information about your Blackboard ID and Password are available on the log in page.
Once you log in, it is possible that JAWS may discontinue reading.  This is most likely an indication that you are getting a security warning.  If you hit “Enter” you will be able to go on through, but it will pop up again next time you log in again.  Tabbing twice should get you to a check box that, if reading properly, will say “Always trust content from this publisher.”  If you select that box by hitting enter, then the message should not reappear.
My Blackboard
The first page you come to once you have logged in, is the “My Blackboard” page.  This contains a list of all of your online courses that are in Blackboard.  Using Insert + F7, you should get the list of courses and can choose which course to enter.  You will also get feedback from this page, following each course link, about new content that has been added, but it is not recommended that you utilize this feature in JAWS because the icons read out multiple times and JAWS also reads the HTML code of inactive icons.
Changing Your Blackboard Settings
Certain settings may enhance your experience with JAWS.  You can review your current settings and change them by selecting “My Settings” and then “My Tool Options.”  The changes to the default settings that you may want to consider are:

  • Discussions
    • Mark my own posts as “read”
    • View “threaded”
    • Show “unread only”
  • HTML Creator
    • Make sure “Start the HTML Creator by Default” is unchecked
  • Mail
    • Consider checking the “Forward Messages to Email Address in My Profile” if navigating the Mail Tool is a problem
    • Show “Unread Only”
  • Paging
    • Consider increasing the default number to a higher number (i.e. 30) so that more messages appear on a single page.
  • Who’s online
    • Unless you have spent time learning how to navigate and make sure the chat tool does not interfere with your activity in the course, you may want to consider making your online status “Invisible”.  This prevents other students from sending you messages while you are online.
Reducing Your Channels and Adjusting Layout
You can reduce what appears on the My Blackboard page in order to simplify navigation.  You can always add these items back if you learn that it will be helpful to you in keeping up with course content.  To do this:

  • Select the “Channels” link.
  • Deselect any boxes of items you do not expect to use.
  • Some that might be removed are “To Do List”, “Who’s Online”, and “Personal Bookmarks.”
  • Select the “Save” button at the bottom of the page.
  • Next choose the link called “Layout.”
  • Select the “My Grades” radio button.
  • Select the “Move right” link.
  • Use “B” to move to “Save Button“.  Select “Save“.
  • This will reduce the number of columns and the first thing on the page will be the list of courses.
Adjusting Your JAWS Settings
It is recommended that you change your JAWS settings to ignore inline frames when using Blackboard. To do this:

  • Press Insert +F2, select “Configuration Manager,” and press Enter
  • From the Set Options menu, choose HTML Options
  • Press CTRL+Tab until you move to the Headings and Frames tab
  • Press ALT+N to move to and check the Ignore Inline Frames check box
  • Close Configuration Manager and save your changes
Professors are able to choose a setting that causes their announcements to open up in a new window.  This may occur each time you enter the course.  Once you have read the announcements, you can choose “Close this Window” to return to the main screen.  If you lose focus in the announcement window, use Alt + Tab to find it and re-open.  The window’s titled “View Announcements”.  You can read all past and current announcements by selecting the “Announcement” Tool.
There are a variety of ways to approach the Discussion Board.  You can select all of the new messages and read through them quickly and determine to which you would like to reply or you can scroll through the posts by title and open only those that are relevant to you.  Directions for both approaches follow.
Reading Multiple Messages in the Discussion Board
Before this tip is helpful, you must first set your Blackboard settings to show only unread items by default.

  • Insert + F7 and then “D” for Discussions (or if that does not work, press “N” for New items Discussion)
  • Select the name of the discussion you would like to enter
  • (Note:  Different courses have different names for the discussions so you may have to read the main content area to become familiar with the discussions that have been started.)
  • Once you enter a specific discussion area, follow these steps for a quick way to catch up on reading and replying to messages.
  • Press F to move to form element that reads  “select all/none check box not checked“
  • Press the Space Bar to select that check box
  • Press Insert + F7 and then press C to go to “Create Printable View“
  • Press the Enter key to open that view in new window
  • Read each message and reply as needed.
Warning:  When you close this window, these messages will all be marked as “read”.  In order to read them again you will have to select “All”.  If you simply minimize that window you can continue to read them as long as you are logged into Blackboard.
Selecting Specific Messages to Read from Discussion Board

  • Press Insert + F7 and then choose “D” for Discussions (or if that does not work, then “N” for New items Discussion)
  • Select the name of the discussion you would like to enter
  • (Note:  Different courses have different names for the discussions so you may have to read the main content area to become familiar with the discussions that have been started.)
  • Once you enter a specific discussion area, make sure your links list is set to read in the order of items on the page.
  • Press Insert + F7 and select “S” to get to “Sorted in descending order click to reverse order“
  • Then when you scroll down in the links list the next item will be the first post on the discussion board
  • From there you can scroll down to hear the titles of all the messages and choose to read the ones you want.
  • When you scroll through you will hear the following for each message:
    • Message title
    • Message author
    • “View People Link Options for this User” (This link allows you to send a message privately to the author of the message.)
  • Once you select message you would like to read, it will open in a new window.
  • You can then use Insert + F7 to choose either:
    • Replay (R)
    • Forward (F): You may only forward this message to people who are listed in the class roster using their Bb identity name.
    • Display complete Thread (D): shows all replies to this message
    • Close this Window (C)
Posting Messages to the Discussion
  • Enter the discussion area where you want to post a message
  • Using Insert + F7, select “Create Message“
  • A Compose Message window will open in a new window.
  • Tab to Subject field and enter forms mode to write your subject
  • Tab again to message body field and type your text
  • Use “B” to navigate to “Post” button and select.
  • Warning: If you use “B” there is a “Preview” button that reads as “Preview” but if you tab, it reads as “Opens in New Window button”
  • Other options available are “Add Attachments”.  To “Add Attachments” follow directions for uploading an assignment below.
Mail Tool
If you are taking more than one course, the easiest way to check your Blackboard mail, may be to use the “Global Mail” tool.  This is available when you first log into Blackboard on the page that has your course list.  Here is a quick way to navigate through your mail from this view:

  • Press Insert + F7 to list links.
  • Press “M” for Mail and space bar to select that item.
  • Press Insert + F7 again for links list.
  • Press “M” again until you find “Mail Account” followed by the course you want to select.
  • Press the space bar to select that item.
  • Press Insert + F7 to hear links again.
  • Press “S” for “Sorted in descending order”
  • Press Alt + M to move to that item.
  • Tab once to the check box for the first mail item.
  • Tab again to the link to the first mail item.  (Warning:  They read exactly the same.)
  • Use Shift + Application Key to open context menu.
  • Select “O” for Open (Opens in new browser window.)
Once in the message, you have lots of options.  Select Insert + F7 and scroll through links to hear all options.  Once you are finished reading this message, it is suggested that you use Insert + F7 and select “N” for Next.  You can move through all of your messages this way while still in this new window.  Once you have read them all, the “Previous” link will no longer be active.
Assignments Tool
Uploading Assignments

  • Once you get into your course, press Insert + F7.
  • Hit “A” until you find “Assignments Assignments”.
  • If that does not come up, try “N” for “New Items Found Assignments Assignments”.
  • Press “H” to navigate to the heading “Assignments”.
  • Tab through the “Submitted”, “Graded”, and “Published” links.
  • The next link will be your first assignment.
  • Hit Enter.  Use “H” to navigate to “Instructions” and “Submission”
  • Once you are ready to submit, tab to the text box that follows “Enable HTML Editor”
  • This is an editable area which is designed to offer a space to enter your assignment.  However, if you prefer to upload your assignment as an attachment, you have that option.
  • You have to type something in the box, such as “Attached is my assignment for module 1″.  Select “Enter” to turn forms mode on.  Type your text.
  • Tab twice to “Add attachments link”.
  • Hit Enter.
  • A new window will open.  Use links list to find “My Computer“.  (Warning:  Do not select “My Files”.)
  • Tab again to “Open File Manager in New Window“
  • Hit Enter.
  • Tab one time and you will be in an editable box where you could type the location of the file on your computer, but if you are like most people you will want to tab again to the “Browse” button.  But they read the same.
  • Hit space bar.
  • The “choose file” dialog window should open
  • Navigate to the file you want to upload.  Tab to the “Open” button and select “enter“
  • There are several of those browse buttons in a row so to save tabbing through all of them, use “Control + End” to go to the bottom of the page, then “shift + tab” until you get to the “OK Button”.  (Warning:  something unexpected occurs when you tab backwards from the end, before getting to the “Cancel” button you will hear a single “Browse” Button.  This is out of the expected order and different from what is visually on the screen.)
  • Select “Enter” and that window should close.
  • It should read out your file as a link on the page you were on before.
  • Tab until you get to the “Submit” Button.
  • Select enter.
  • A dialog button should opening asking you if you are sure you want to submit it.
  • Select “OK“
  • You will be directed to a page that lets you know that you have submitted the assignment successfully.
  • If you return to the assignments page, you can now go to the “Submitted” link and it should list your assignment there.
Using the Quiz Tool
  • Quizzes and exams are posted in under Assessments, so using links list type A or N for Assessments or New Items Added Assessments.
  • The numbers for each question are set up as Level 2 Headings, so you can use “H” key to move from question to question or to find your place if you lose focus.
  • You have the option to save answers as you go, or to “save all” at the end of the quiz.  It is recommended that you save as you go since crashes do occur on occasion.
  • Students using screen reader or magnification software can request extended time ( up to double the normal time) on timed quizzes.
    • Your professor will be the one to make this adjustment. 
  • Each time you complete a question, the focus changes to another frame briefly and then moves back to the quiz frame.  If you try to go quickly through the questions, JAWS may lose focus.
    • The “Finish” link is positioned before the “save all” link so it would be easy to select “finish” and expect that the quiz was completed successfully.  So users should make sure that they either save answers as they go, or tab past the finish link and select “Save All” before choosing “Finish”.